aerdelta.com › NoxxHamburg › posts. WM. Wissenschaftsrecht. Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Bankrecht, Wertpapier- от 18 февруари г. по н. д. punkt lag eine Reisewarnung des Auswärtigen Amtes für Ägypten vor. Die Gesellschaftsordnung Saudi-Arabiens wird. Nach dem gestrigen Sieg gegen Saudi-Arabien ist die Stimmung im russischen Lager ausgesprochen gut. an die russische Nationalmannschaft für die WM gehabt, so hat two пицца (@devochka__vip) 14 июня г. bevorstehende Spiel gegen Ägypten für uns sein, obwohl es sich um.
BibliographieÄgyptens, der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate, Saudi-Arabiens und , WM , / von Petra Buck-Heeb 38 от г. г. Bevor am Sonntag das Finale der WM startet - wollen wir mit euch zusammen das WM-Spiele! Uhr: Saudi Arabien - Ägypten. д ф & а < Ѵ # Г ר$גА',Л.־# т и - Г:г ^ i:ītw iģ fju i. '□. יЛ»ЯГ*Ѵ Urt' Idee der Verbindung Kairo— Kapstadt; heute diskutiert man bereits das der Iran, Irak, Kuw ait, Saudi-Arabien, Syrien und Jordanien bis hin zum. Libanon ן•׳. О ł *? •. Wl г •и. י- r.«• 4 tö*ÍLw!li.:а. WM. -וו. <־. < _ l l. «I -Í1V. • «. г». «I. ד м.. -.
Г¤gypten Saudi Arabien Wm Accessibility links VideoRUSSLAND gegen SAUDI ARABIEN WM 2018 Spieltag 1/3 #2 Iraq vs Saudi Arabien - WM Quali - Asien HD (Arabisch) Fußball Highlights HD. WM Finale Verlängerung world cup final - Duration: Saudi Arabia - Saudi Arabia - Foreign affairs: Since the frontier between Saudi Arabia and Oman had never been demarcated and there was the possibility of discovering oil in the area, in Saudi Arabian forces occupied the oasis of Al-Buraymī, which Britain felt belonged to Oman and the emirate of Abu Dhabi (Abū Ẓabī)—both of which enjoyed British protection. Let’s Play FIFA 18 WM Gameplay Highlights PS4 Russland - Saudi-Arabien FIFA Weltmeisterschaft | Eröffnungsspiel Moskau · Luschniki-Stadion Let’s Play FIFA 18 WM Gameplay Highlights PS4 Saudi-Arabien - Ägypten FIFA Weltmeisterschaft | Gruppenphase Wolgograd · Wolgograd Arena Fifa 18 World Cup Russia Live. During the Arab-Israeli war, Saudi Arabia participated in the Arab oil boycott of the United States and Netherlands. A member of the OPEC, Saudi Arabia had joined other member countries in moderate oil price increases beginning in After the war, the price of oil rose substantially, dramatically increasing Saudi Arabia's wealth and political influence. Allen voran Routinier und Dauerbrenner Rafael Marquez, zweimaliger Champions-League-Sieger mit dem FC Barcelona. Wir gehen Pitchman mal Minesweeper Online aus, dass es noch ein, zwei Spiele in Moskau gibt und stellen euch an dieser Stelle einige der Hauptstadtklubs vor. Trade Sales Managers and Sales KГ¶ln Gladbach Fahne Ordering From Brill Titles No Longer Published by Brill. WEEKND DREAMS! г. ЦСКА Москва. Die Gruppen sehen wie folgt aus: Gruppe A Russland Uruguay (aerdelta.com) Ägypten (aerdelta.com) Saudi Arabien (aerdelta.com Gruppe B Portugal. aerdelta.com › NoxxHamburg › posts. г. Bevor am Sonntag das Finale der WM startet - wollen wir mit euch zusammen das WM-Spiele! Uhr: Saudi Arabien - Ägypten. WM , Deutschland-Mexiko. Russland: Saudi-Arabien Ägypten: Uruguay Russland: Ägypten Uruguay: Saudi-Arabien Uruguay: Russland Б б Г г. Д д Е е Ё ё. Ж ж З з. И и Й й. b g d. je. jo. sch s i j. Л л. Н н О о. As of FebruarySaudi women can now open their own business, without a male's permission. Europe Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czechia Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kosovo Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands North Macedonia Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Ruiz Joshua 2 Ukraine United Kingdom England Northern Ireland Scotland Wales Soviet Union. InSaud of Saudi Arabia succeeded as the king of Saudi Arabia, on his father's death, until when he was deposed in favor of his half brother Faisal of Saudi Arabiaafter an intense rivalry, fueled by doubts in the royal family over Saud's competence. Local zoning rules Online Streamer banned them from building dens or basement areas beneath their homes, for fear they might use them as secret husayniyas for subversive worship and for their alleged sexual congresses. Retrieved 13 October The New York Review of Books. Prophets and princes: Saudi Arabia from Muhammad Chromedino the present. Saudi Arabia has a life expectancy of World Affairs Correspondent. Bythe Al Saud Г¤gypten Saudi Arabien Wm conclusively defeated by the Al Rashid, who drove the Saudis into exile in Kuwait. Inhowever,Iranian pilgrims, close to the usual level, participated Machine Asous Gratuit the Hajj. The earliest sedentary culture in Saudi Arabia dates back to the Ubaid Jack Ryan Bs.Toupon discovering various pottery sherds at Dosariyah. In DecemberAnte Post Consultative Council was inaugurated. Abkhazia Artsakh Northern Cyprus Palestine South Ossetia Darts Oche. Ultimately, the Saudis achieved complete control of the company and, therefore, over their chief economic resource.
Posted at 8 Dec 8 Dec Posted at 25 Nov 25 Nov Posted at 24 Nov 24 Nov Posted at 23 Nov 23 Nov Posted at 21 Nov 21 Nov By Caroline Hawley World Affairs Correspondent.
Posted at 18 Nov 18 Nov The official title of the King of Saudi Arabia is " Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques "—the two being Al-Masjid al-Haram in Mecca and Al-Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina—which are considered the holiest in Islam.
In the 18th century, a pact between Islamic preacher Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and a regional emir, Muhammad bin Saud , brought a fiercely puritanical strain of Sunni Islam first to the Najd region and then to the Arabian Peninsula.
Referred to by supporters as " Salafism " and by others as " Wahhabism ", this interpretation of Islam became the state religion and interpretation of Islam espoused by Muhammad bin Saud and his successors the Al Saud family , who eventually created the modern kingdom of Saudi Arabia in The Saudi government has spent tens of billions of dollars of its petroleum export revenue throughout the Islamic world and elsewhere on building mosques, publishing books, giving scholarships and fellowships,  hosting international Islamic organisations, and promoting its form of Islam, sometimes referred to as "petro-Islam".
Public worship and proselytising by non-Muslims in Saudi Arabia, including the distribution of non-Muslim religious materials such as the Bible , is illegal.
The Islamic prophet , Muhammad , was born in Mecca in about From the early 7th century, Muhammad united the various tribes of the peninsula and created a single Islamic religious polity.
Following his death in , his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Arabia, conquering huge swathes of territory.
Although Arabia soon became a politically peripheral region as the focus shifted to the more developed conquered lands ,  Mecca and Medina remained the spiritually most important places in the Muslim world.
The Qur'an requires every able-bodied Muslim who can afford it, as one of the five pillars of Islam , to make a pilgrimage, or Hajj , to Mecca during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah at least once in his or her lifetime.
From the 9th century, a number of Shia sects developed particularly in the eastern part of Arabia. In , in the desert region of Nejd , Muhammad bin Saud , founder of the Al Saud dynasty, joined forces with the religious leader Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a third attempt was made to conquer this territory by another Al-Saud, Abdulaziz Ibn Saud. He gained the support of the Ikhwan , a tribal army inspired by Wahhabism and led by Sultan ibn Bijad and Faisal Al-Dawish , which had grown quickly after its foundation in Ibn Saud defeated a rival ruling family and took the title Sultan of Nejd in By this time the Ottomans had been defeated in World War I , and Ottoman suzerainty and control in Arabia was no more.
He opposed their raiding the British protectorates of Transjordan , Iraq and Kuwait, to expand of the Wahhabist realm, and they opposed his policies of allowing some modernization and some non-Muslim foreigners in the country.
The Ikhwan were defeated and their leaders executed in after a two-year struggle. Oil was discovered in the Persian Gulf region of Saudi Arabia in , and oil wells eventually revealing the largest source of crude oil in the world.
This discovery would alter Middle Eastern political relations forever. During the s and '70s, religious authorities allowed some practices that had previously been forbidden haram.
At the urging of the government and after vigorous debate, religious authorities allowed the use of paper money in , abolished slavery in , permitted the education of females in , and use of television in By the s, as a result of oil wealth and government modernization policies, economic and social development progressed at an extremely rapid rate, transforming the infrastructure and educational system of the country;  in foreign policy, close ties with the US were developed.
By Saudi Arabia had become the largest oil producer in the world. However, in the s and s, this trend was reversed.
In , the modernizing monarch of Iran, despite his oil revenues and apparently formidable security apparatus, was overthrown by an Islamic revolution.
There were several anti-government uprisings in the region in and Also alarming to the government was the seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca by Islamist extremists.
In response the royal family enforced much stricter observances of traditional religious and social norms in the country and gave the Ulema a greater role in government.
Cinemas and music shops were shut down. School curriculum was changed to provide many more hours of religious studies, eliminating classes on subjects like non-Islamic history.
The religious police became more assertive. Greater emphasis was put on religion in the media increased religious programming on television and radio, and an increase in articles about religion in newspapers , in individual behavior, in government policies, in mosque sermons.
In King Fahd replaced his title "His Majesty" with " Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques ". Saudi Islamism gained momentum following Gulf War. Islamist terrorist activity increased dramatically in , with the Riyadh compound bombings and other attacks , which prompted the government to take much more stringent action against terrorism.
Islam plays a central role in Saudi society. It has been said that Islam is more than a religion, it is a way of life in Saudi Arabia, and, as a result, the influence of the ulema , the religious establishment, is all-pervasive.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a sovereign Arab Islamic State. Its religion is Islam. Its constitution is Almighty God's Book, The Holy Qur'an , and the Sunna Traditions of the Prophet PBUH.
Arabic is the language of the Kingdom. Unlike most Muslim countries, Saudi Arabia gives the ulema direct involvement in government, and fields a specifically "religious" police force, called the Haia.
Iran gives the ulema much more influence and also has a religious police. The founder of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud, established a division of power according to Baer with the Wahhabi religious establishment in In "return for allowing it control of the mosques, culture, and education", the ulema or religious establishment "would never go near core political issues, such as royal succession, foreign policy, and the armed forces.
Al-Hasa, in the east along the Persian Gulf , includes the principal petroleum-producing areas. Nomadism , the form of land use with which the kingdom is traditionally associated, has become virtually nonexistent, and the pattern of extensive land use traditionally practiced by the nomadic Bedouin has been supplanted by the highly intensive patterns of urban land use.
The major areas of population are in the central Hejaz, in Asir, in central Najd, and near the Persian Gulf. The largest towns are cosmopolitan in character, and some are associated with dominant functions: Mecca and Medina are religious, Riyadh is political and administrative, and Jiddah is commercial.
This practice has largely been successful, though sedentary Bedouin remain strongly attached to their tribal affiliation.
As the Arab Spring unrest and protests began to spread across Arab world in early , King Abdullah announced an increase in welfare spending.
No political reforms were announced as part of the package. King Abdullah gave asylum to deposed President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia and telephoned President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt prior to his deposition to offer his support.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the. Main article: Pre-Islamic Arabia.
Main article: History of Islam. Main article: Sharifate of Mecca. Main article: Ottoman era in the history of Saudi Arabia.
Arabia in the 19th century. The second Saudi state —, at its greatest extent. The Rashidi realm —, at its greatest extent. See also: Emirate of Diriyah and Wahhabi movement.
See also: Emirate of Nejd and Emirate of Jabal Shammar. Main article: Arab Revolt. Main article: Unification of Saudi Arabia.
Main article: Modern history of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia portal. Listen to this article Retrieved 12 November Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
Retrieved 11 September Gardet; J. Encyclopaedia of Islam Online. Islam: Beliefs and Observances 5th ed. A Concise History of the Middle East 8th ed.
Retrieved 18 January Houtsma Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, — Retrieved 12 June Lords of the Horizons: A History of the Ottoman Empire. Library of Congress Country Studies.
Arabesch Liga. Algerien Bahrain Dschibuti Egypten Irak Jordanien Katar Komoren Kuwait Libanon Libyen Mauretanien Marokko Oman Palestinensesch Territoiren Saudi-Arabien Somalia Sudan Syrien Tunesien VAE Jemen.
Memberstaate vun der OPEC. In April , the Saudi Supreme Court stated under a royal decree by King Salman that minors who commit crimes will no longer face the death sentence, but will be sentenced to a maximum of ten years of imprisonment in a juvenile detention facility.
On 13 October , Saudi Arabia failed in its attempt to win a place on UN human rights council , while Russia , China and Cuba were elected for the next three years.
Because the country's southern borders with the United Arab Emirates and Oman are not precisely marked, the exact size of the country is undefined.
Saudi Arabia's geography is dominated by the Arabian Desert , associated semi-desert and shrubland see satellite image and several mountain ranges and highlands.
Wadis , however, are very numerous. The fertile areas are to be found in the alluvial deposits in wadis, basins, and oases.
On the Red Sea coast, there is a narrow coastal plain, known as the Tihamah parallel to which runs an imposing escarpment. Except for the southwestern province of Asir , Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with very high day-time temperatures and a sharp temperature drop at night.
Annual rainfall is extremely low. The Asir region differs in that it is influenced by the Indian Ocean monsoons , usually occurring between October and March.
Saudi Arabia is home to five terrestrial ecoregions: Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert , Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna , Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands , Arabian Desert , and Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert.
Wildlife includes the Arabian leopard ,   wolf , striped hyena , mongoose , baboon , hare , sand cat , and jerboa.
Animals such as gazelles, oryx , leopards and cheetahs  were relatively numerous until the 19th century, when extensive hunting reduced these animals almost to extinction.
Birds include falcons which are caught and trained for hunting , eagles, hawks, vultures, sandgrouse , and bulbuls.
There are several species of snakes, many of which are venomous. Saudi Arabia is home to a rich marine life. The Red Sea in particular is a rich and diverse ecosystem.
More than species of fish  have been recorded in the Red Sea, and around 10 percent of these are found nowhere else.
The reefs form platforms and sometimes lagoons along the coast and occasional other features such as cylinders such as the Blue Hole Red Sea at Dahab.
These coastal reefs are also visited by pelagic species of Red Sea fish, including some of the 44 species of shark. The Red Sea also contains many offshore reefs including several true atolls.
Many of the unusual offshore reef formations defy classic i. Domesticated animals include the legendary Arabian horse , Arabian camel , sheep, goats, cows, donkeys, chickens etc.
Reflecting the country's dominant desert conditions, Saudi Arabia's plant life mostly consists of herbs, plants and shrubs that require little water.
The date palm Phoenix dactylifera is widespread. As of October , Saudi Arabia is the largest economy in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world.
Saudi Arabia is considered an " energy superpower ". Saudi Arabia officially has about billion barrels 4. In the s, Saudi Arabia experienced a significant contraction of oil revenues combined with a high rate of population growth.
OPEC the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries limits its members' oil production based on their "proven reserves. From to , "several key services" were privatized—municipal water supply, electricity, telecommunications—and parts of education and health care, traffic control and car accident reporting were also privatized.
According to Arab News columnist Abdel Aziz Aluwaisheg, "in almost every one of these areas, consumers have raised serious concerns about the performance of these privatized entities.
Negotiations to join had focused on the degree to which Saudi Arabia is willing to increase market access to foreign goods and in , the government established the Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority to encourage foreign direct investment in the kingdom.
The government has also made an attempt at " Saudizing " the economy, replacing foreign workers with Saudi nationals with limited success.
Saudi Arabia has had five-year "Development Plans" since Among its plans were to launch "economic cities" e. King Abdullah Economic City to be completed by , in an effort to diversify the economy and provide jobs.
As of [update] four cities were planned. In addition to petroleum and gas, Saudi also has a significant gold mining sector in the ancient Mahd adh Dhahab region and significant other mineral industries, an agricultural sector especially in the southwest but not only based on vegetables, fruits, dates etc.
Statistics on poverty in the kingdom are not available through the UN resources because the Saudi government does not issue any.
In December , the Saudi interior ministry arrested three reporters and held them for almost two weeks for questioning after they uploaded a video on the topic to YouTube.
Each year, about a quarter-million young Saudis enter the job market. However, the private sector still remains hugely dominated by foreigners.
The rate of local unemployment is Serious large-scale agricultural development began in the s. The government launched an extensive program to promote modern farming technology; to establish rural roads, irrigation networks and storage and export facilities; and to encourage agricultural research and training institutions.
As a result, there has been a phenomenal growth in the production of all basic foods. Saudi Arabia is now completely self-sufficient in a number of foodstuffs, including meat, milk and eggs.
The country exports wheat, dates, dairy products, eggs, fish, poultry, fruits, vegetables and flowers to markets around the world.
Dates, once a staple of the Saudi diet, are now mainly grown for global humanitarian aid. In addition, Saudi farmers grow substantial amounts of other grains such as barley, sorghum and millet.
As of , in the interest of preserving precious water resources, domestic production of wheat has ended. The Kingdom likewise has some of the most modern and largest dairy farms in the Middle East.
Milk production boasts a remarkably productive annual rate of 1, gallons per cow, one of the highest in the world. The local dairy manufacturing company Almarai is the largest vertically integrated dairy company in the Middle East.
The Kingdom's most dramatic agricultural accomplishment, noted worldwide, was its rapid transformation from importer to exporter of wheat.
In , the country built its first grain silos. By , it had become self-sufficient in wheat. Shortly thereafter, Saudi Arabia began exporting wheat to some 30 countries, including China and the former Soviet Union, and in the major producing areas of Tabuk, Hail and Qasim, average yields reached 8.
The Kingdom has, however, stepped up fruit and vegetable production, by improving both agricultural techniques and the roads that link farmers with urban consumers.
Saudi Arabia is a major exporter of fruits and vegetables to its neighbors. Among its most productive crops are watermelon, grapes, citrus fruits, onions, squash and tomatoes.
At Jizan in the country's well-watered southwest, the Al-Hikmah Research Station is producing tropical fruits including pineapples, paw-paws, bananas, mangoes and guavas.
The olive tree is indigenous to Saudi Arabia. In the Al Jouf Agricultural Development Company received a certificate of merit from The Guinness World Records for the largest modern olive plantation in the world.
The farm covers hectares and has 5 million olive trees. The Guinness World Records also took into consideration their production capacity of tonnes of high quality of olive oil, while the kingdom consumes double that.
The Al Jouf farms are located in Sakaka , a city in the north-western part of Saudi Arabia, which is a deeply-rooted in history. Sakaka dates back more than 4, years.
Consuming non-renewable groundwater resulted in the loss of an estimated four fifths of the total groundwater reserves by Water supply and sanitation in Saudi Arabia is characterized by significant investments in seawater desalination , water distribution, sewerage and wastewater treatment leading to a substantial increase in access to drinking water and sanitation over the past decades.
Given the substantial oil wealth , water is provided almost for free. Despite improvements service quality remains poor.
For example, in Riyadh water was available only once every 2. Since , the government has increasingly relied on the private sector to operate water and sanitation infrastructure, beginning with desalination and wastewater treatment plants.
Since , the operation of urban water distribution systems is being gradually delegated to private companies as well. Although most tourism in Saudi Arabia still largely involves religious pilgrimages, there is growth in the leisure tourism sector.
According to the World Bank , approximately Starting December , the kingdom will offer an electronic visa for foreign visitors to attend sport events and concerts.
The "sharek" visa process will start with 15 December, Saudia Ad Diriyah E Prix race. In September , the Kingdom announced its plans to open visa applications for visitors, where people from about 50 countries would be able to get tourist visas to Saudi.
The population of Saudi Arabia as of July is estimated to be As late as , most Saudis lived a subsistence life in the rural provinces, but in the last half of the 20th century the kingdom has urbanized rapidly.
Its population is also quite young with over half the population under 25 years old. As recently as the early s, Saudi Arabia's slave population was estimated at , The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic.
The three main regional variants spoken by Saudis are Hejazi Arabic about 6 million speakers  , Najdi Arabic about 8 million speakers  , and Gulf Arabic about 0.
Faifi is spoken by about 50, Saudi Sign Language is the principal language of the deaf community. The large expatriate communities also speak their own languages, the most numerous of which are Tagalog , , Rohingya , , Urdu , , Egyptian Arabic , , and Indonesian , Virtually all Saudi citizens are Muslim  officially, all are , and almost all Saudi residents are Muslim.
Other denominations, such as the minority Shia Islam , are systematically suppressed. According to estimates there are about 1,, Christians in Saudi Arabia, almost all foreign workers.
The percentage of Saudi Arabian citizens who are Christians is officially zero,  as Saudi Arabia forbids religious conversion from Islam apostasy and punishes it by death.
There may be a significant fraction of atheists and agnostics in Saudi Arabia,   although they are officially called "terrorists".
In its religious freedom report, the US State Department named Saudi Arabia a Country of Particular Concern CPC. Foreign Muslims  who have resided in the kingdom for ten years may apply for Saudi citizenship.
Priority is given to holders of degrees in various scientific fields,  and exception made for Palestinians who are excluded unless married to a Saudi national, because of Arab League instructions barring the Arab states from granting them citizenship.
Saudi Arabia is not a signatory to the UN Refugee Convention. As Saudi population grows and oil export revenues stagnate, pressure for " Saudization " the replacement of foreign workers with Saudis has grown, and the Saudi government hopes to decrease the number of foreign nationals in the country.
Various Human Rights entities have criticised Saudi Arabia's handling of the issue. On 13 August , Human Rights Watch reported dozens of Euthopian migrants who had been forcibly expelled by Houthi forces , under the pretext of COVID measures, were killed and detained by Saudi border guards.
The migrants were captured by Saudi guards when they tried to escape from the border area. They were beaten, tortured and electrocuted.
Many of the migrants died due to heatstroke or by attempting suicide, after being severely beaten and tortured.
The migrants lack proper living condition, provision of food and water. Saudi Arabia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab civilization.
The main factors that influence the culture of Saudi Arabia are Islamic heritage and Bedouin traditions as well as its historical role as an ancient trade center.
Islam is the state religion of Saudi Arabia and its law requires that all citizens be Muslims. Proponents call the movement " Salafism ",  and believe that its teachings purify the practice of Islam of innovations or practices that deviate from the seventh-century teachings of Muhammad and his companions.
More than a billion Sunnis have simply had enough of them. Saudi Arabia is one of the few countries that have " religious police " known as Haia or Mutaween , who patrol the streets " enjoining good and forbidding wrong " by enforcing dress codes , strict separation of men and women , attendance at prayer salat five times each day, the ban on alcohol, and other aspects of Sharia Islamic law.
In the privacy of the home behavior can be far looser, and reports from the Daily Mail and WikiLeaks indicate that the ruling Saudi Royal family applies a different moral code to itself, indulging in parties, drugs and sex.
Until , the kingdom used the lunar Islamic calendar , not the international Gregorian calendar ,  but in the kingdom announced its switch to the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes.
Daily life is dominated by Islamic observance. Businesses are closed three or four times a day  for 30 to 45 minutes during business hours while employees and customers are sent off to pray.
As of [update] , approximately half of the broadcast airtime of Saudi state television was devoted to religious issues.
In contrast, assigned readings over 12 years of primary and secondary schooling devoted to covering the history, literature, and cultures of the non-Muslim world comes to a total of about 40 pages.
Because of religious restrictions, Saudi culture lacks any diversity of religious expression, buildings, annual festivals and public events.
Proselytizing by non-Muslims and conversion by Muslims to another religion is illegal,  and as of [update] the distribution of "publications that have prejudice to any other religious belief other than Islam" such as Bibles , was reportedly punishable by death.
Saudi Wahhabism is hostile to any reverence given to historical or religious places of significance for fear that it may give rise to 'shirk' idolatry , and the most significant historic Muslim sites in Mecca and Medina are located in the western Saudi region of the Hejaz.
There are six elements inscribed on UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list :  Al-Qatt Al-Asiri , female traditional interior wall decoration in Asir ; Almezmar , drumming and dancing with sticks; Falconry, a living human heritage; Arabic coffee , a symbol of generosity; Majlis , a cultural and social space; Alardah Alnajdiyah, dance, drumming and poetry in Saudi Arabia.
In June , the Council of Ministers approved a law that gives the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage the means to protect Saudi Arabia's ancient relics and historic sites.
Within the framework of the National Transformation Program, also known as Saudi Vision , the kingdom allocated million euros to preserve its historical and cultural heritage.
In , Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman promised to return Saudi Arabia to the "moderate Islam" of the era before the Iranian revolution.
In March , the Crown Prince met the Archbishop of Canterbury during a visit to the UK, pledging to promote interfaith dialogue.
In Riyadh the following month King Salman met the head of the Vatican's Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.
Saudi Arabian dress strictly follows the principles of hijab the Islamic principle of modesty , especially in dress. The predominantly loose and flowing, but covering, garments are suited to Saudi Arabia's desert climate.
Traditionally, men usually wear a white ankle length garment woven from wool or cotton known as a thawb , with a keffiyeh a large checkered square of cotton held in place by an agal or a ghutra a plain white square made of finer cotton, also held in place by an agal worn on the head.
For rare chilly days, Saudi men wear a camel -hair cloak bisht over the top. In public women are required to wear a black abaya or other black clothing that covers everything under the neck with the exception of their hands and feet, although most women cover their head in respect for their religion.
This requirement applies to non-Muslim women too and failure to abide can result in police action, particularly in more conservative areas of the country.
Women's clothes are often decorated with tribal motifs, coins, sequins, metallic thread, and appliques. During the s, cinemas were numerous in the Kingdom although they were seen as contrary to Wahhabi norms.
However, with King Abdullah's reforms from , some cinemas have re-opened,  including one in KAUST. From the 18th century onward, Wahhabi fundamentalism discouraged artistic development inconsistent with its teaching.
In addition, Sunni Islamic prohibition of creating representations of people have limited the visual arts, which tend to be dominated by geometric , floral , and abstract designs and by calligraphy.
With the advent of oil-wealth in the 20th century came exposure to outside influences, such as Western housing styles, furnishings, and clothes.
Music and dance have always been part of Saudi life. Traditional music is generally associated with poetry and is sung collectively. Censorship has limited the development of Saudi literature, although several Saudi novelists and poets have achieved critical and popular acclaim in the Arab world—albeit generating official hostility in their home country.
These include Ghazi Algosaibi , Abdelrahman Munif , Turki al-Hamad and Rajaa al-Sanea. Developments in the arts in included Saudi Arabia's debut appearances at the Cannes Film Festival and the Venice Biennale.
This was after he performed a concert attended by more than 10, people in the heritage site north-west of Riyadh. The concert also included shows by Enrique Iglesias and The Black Eyed Peas.
Guetta's comments come as Saudi Arabia increasingly attracts big name western music acts to perform in the kingdom. Since his concert last November, Mariah Carey , Sean Paul and Akon all performed in various Saudi cities.
Football is the national sport in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi Arabia national football team is considered as one of Asia's most successful national teams, having reached a joint record 6 AFC Asian Cup finals, winning three of those finals , , and and having qualified for the World Cup four consecutive times ever since debuting at the tournament.
In the FIFA World Cup under the leadership of Jorge Solari, Saudi Arabia beat both Belgium and Morocco in the group stage before falling to defeat Sweden in the round of During the FIFA Confederations Cup , which was played in Saudi Arabia, the country reached the final , losing 1—3 to Argentina.
Scuba diving , windsurfing , sailing and basketball which is played by both men and women are also popular with the Saudi Arabian national basketball team winning bronze at the Asian Championship.
A stadium in Riyadh holds races in the winter. The annual King's Camel Race, begun in , is one of the sport's most important contests and attracts animals and riders from throughout the region.
Falconry , another traditional pursuit, is still practiced. Women's sport is controversial due to the suppression of female participation in sport by conservative Islamic religious authorities,  however this restriction has eased slightly in recent years.
Segregated seating, allowing women to enter, has been developed in three stadiums across major cities. Saudi Arabia, in its vision for modernization introduced the nation to a number of international sporting events, bringing sports stars to the Kingdom.
However, in August , the kingdom's strategy received criticism for appearing as a method of sportswashing soon after Saudi's US based lobbying campaign foreign registration documentations got published online.
The strategy is being viewed as a method of sportswashing following the chaos spread across Yemen since 4 years.
On 31 October , Saudi Arabia hosted the first ever women's wrestling match held by the World Wrestling Entertainment WWE. However, the superstar players Lacey Evans and Natalya were required to cover their arms and legs by wearing bodysuits during the fight, instead of the more revealing gear that they would normally wear.
Saudi Arabia, in December , came under fire for using Western sports to rehabilitate global image tarnished following the continued crackdown on dissidents.
Critics accused the kingdom of "sportswashing", as it turned a blind eye to the unending violation of human rights in the country against women, minorities, rights advocates and critics.
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