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Horse Racing Terms DC Coates RosemarySie sind an der richtigen Stelle für car racing terms. Mittlerweile wissen Sie bereits, was Sie auch suchen, Sie werden es auf AliExpress sicher finden. Wir haben. Like any specialist sport, Formula 1 racing has its own unique lingo. easy-to-understand explanation of all the most commonly-used F1 terms and terminology. Finden Sie Top-Angebote für Horse Racing Terms DC Coates Rosemary bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel!
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Lilith Kartenlegen, ist Racing Terms erforderlich:. - Hinweise und AktionenErfüllungsort für Leistungen des Lieferanten ist der Sitz der Gesellschaft.
This color can usually be distinguished by noting finer tan or brown hairs on the muzzles or flanks. BUCKED SHINS- Inflammation of front of cannon bone to which young horses are particularly susceptible.
BUG- Apprentice allowance. Apprentice rider. BULLET WORK - The best time for the distance on the work tab for a given day at a track. BULL RING- Small racetrack; usually less than one mile.
CALL the - Running position of horses in a race at various points. CALLER- One who calls the running positions of horses in a race.
CAPPED HOCK- Injury to hock caused by kicking or rubbing. CAST- A horse is a cast when he lies down in the stall in such a way that he is too close to the wall, and there is a danger that he may not be able to get up by himself without injury.
CHART- A statistical "picture" of a race from which past performances are compiled , which shows the position and margin of each horse at designated points of call depending on distance of the race , age, weight carried, owner, trainer, purse, conditions, pay-off prices, odds, time and other data.
CHECKED- A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters. CHESTNUT- Varies from light, washy yellow to dark liver color, between which comes red, gold and liver shades.
A chestnut never has black points, mane or tail. CHUTE- Extension of backstretch or homestretch to permit straightaway run from start.
CLAIMING- Buying a horse out of race for entered price. CLAIMING BOX- Box in which claims are deposited before the race. CLAIMING RACE- Race in which horses are entered subject to claim for a specified price.
CLASSIC- Race of traditional importance. In the U. CLERK OF SCALES- An official whose chief duty is to weigh the riders before and after a race to be sure proper weight is carried.
CLIMBING- A fault in a horse's stride in which, instead of reaching out, his action is abnormally high. CLOCKER- One who times workouts and races.
CLOSER- A horse who runs best in the latter part of the race, coming from off the pace. CLUBHOUSE TURN- Generally, the turn closest to the clubhouse.
COLORS- Racing silks-jacket and cap-worn by riders to denote the owner s of horse. COLT- Male horse under 5 years of age. COMPANY- Class of horses in a race.
Members of the field. CONDITION BOOK- Book issued by racing secretary which sets forth conditions of races to be run.
CONDITION RACE- An event with conditions limiting it to a certain class of horse. Such as: Fillies, 3-year-olds, non-winners of two races other than maiden or claiming, etc.
CONTRACT RIDER- Jockey under contract to a stable. COOLING OUT- Restoring a horse, usually by walking, to normal temperature after becoming overheated in a race or workout.
COUGH- Broadly, a cold. More prevalent in spring among young Thoroughbreds. COUPLED- Two or more horses running as an entry in a single betting unit.
CRIBBER A WIND SUCKER - A horse who clings to objects with his teeth and sucks air into his stomach. CUP- Trophy awarded to owners of winners.
Also distance race of a mile and a half or more. CUP HORSE- One qualified to engage in distance races. CUPPY TRACK - A surface which breaks away under a horse's hoof.
CUSHION- Surface of track or a layer of the track. DAM- Mother of a Thoroughbred. DAMSIRE BROODMARE SIRE - The sire of a broodmare.
DEAD-HEAT- Two or more horses finishing in an exact tie at the wire. DEAD TRACK- Racing surface lacking resiliency.
DECLARED- In U. In Europe, a horse confirmed to start in a race. DIPLOMA Earning a DISTAFF DISTAFF RACE - Female.
A race for fillies, mares, or both. DISTANCED- Well beaten, finishing a great distance behind the winner. DOGS- Wooden barrier or rubber traffic cones placed a certain distance out from the inner rail, to prevent horses during workout period, when track is wet, muddy, soft yielding or heavy, from churning the footing along the rail.
DOSAGE DIAGRAM- A diagram showing the number and placement of chefs-de-race in a horse's pedigree. DOSAGE INDEX- Mathematical reduction of the Dosage Diagram to a number reflecting a horse's potential for speed or stamina.
DQ- Disqualified. DRIVING- Strong urging by rider. DROPDOWN- A horse meeting a lower class of rival than he had been running against. DWELT- Tardy in breaking fromthe gate.
EASILY- Running or winning without being pressed by rider or opposition. EIGHTH- A furlong; yards; feet. ELIGIBLE- Qualified to start in a race, according to conditions.
Riding commitment. ENTRY- Two or more horses owned by the same stable or in some cases trained by the same trainer and thus running as a single betting unit..
EQUIPMENT- Whip, blinkers, etc. Gear carried by a horse in a race. EVENLY- Neither gaining nor losing position or distance during a race. EXACTA or PERFECTA - A wager in which the first two finishers in a race, in exact order of finish, must be picked.
EXCUSED- Withdrawal from a race sometimes on a veterinarian's recommendation with consent of stewards. EXERCISE RIDER- Male or female rider who is aboard a horse in the mornings.
EXTENDED- Forced to run at top speed. EXTRA WEIGHT ADDED WEIGHT - More weight than conditions of race require.
It is more drastic than weakened but less drastic than stopped. FALSE FAVORITE- Horse who is bet down to favoritism when others would appear to outclass him on form.
FARRIER- Blacksmith. FAST TRACK- Footing at best, dry, fast and even. The removable energy-absorbing foam that surrounds the driver's helmet in the cockpit.
Three different grades of foam are used, depending on the ambient temperature. A term used to describe the process by which a tyre is heated through use and then cooled down.
This has the effect of slightly changing the properties of the compound and can improve durability. A lap done on arrival at a circuit, testing functions such as throttle, brakes and steering before heading back to the pits without crossing the finish line.
When a driver moves off his grid position before the five red lights have been switched off to signal the start. Sensors detect premature movement and a jump start earns a driver a penalty.
A synthetic fibre that is combined with epoxy resin to create a strong, lightweight composite used in F1 car construction. A style of braking made popular in the s following the arrival of hand clutches so that drivers could keep their right foot on the throttle and dedicate their left to braking.
The term used to describe a driver braking sharply and 'locking' one or more tyres whilst the others continue rotating.
Tyre smoke and flat spots are common side effects. The sign on a stick held in front of the car during a pit stop to inform the driver to apply the brakes and then to engage first gear prior to the car being lowered from its jacks.
The small pieces of tyre rubber that accumulate at the side of the track off the racing line. Typically these are very slippery when driven on.
A course official who oversees the safe running of the race. The single-piece tub in which the cockpit is located, with the engine fixed behind it and the front suspension on either side at the front.
An artificial, fire-resistant fibre used to make drivers' race overalls, underwear, gloves and boots.
The second - and usually softer - of the two tyre compounds nominated by the official tyre supplier for use at each Grand Prix.
Not expected in theory to be as well suited as the prime tyre to that particular circuit's characteristics, but may provide certain advantages in terms of pace or durability.
A term used to describe a driver braking either too late or too softly and subsequently overrunning a corner. A common mistake made during overtaking moves.
When a car's rear end doesn't want to go around a corner and tries to overtake the front end as the driver turns in towards the apex.
This often requires opposite-lock to correct, whereby the driver turns the front wheels into the skid. Levers on either side of the back of a steering wheel with which a driver changes up and down the gearbox.
An enclosed area behind the pits in which the teams keep their transporters and motor homes. There is no admission to the public.
A fenced-off area into which cars are driven after qualifying and the race, where no team members are allowed to touch them except under the strict supervision of race stewards.
A board held out on the pit wall to inform a driver of his race position, the time interval to the car ahead or the one behind, plus the number of laps of the race remaining.
Where the team owner, managers and engineers spend the race, usually under an awning to keep sun and rain off their monitors.
A hard wooden strip also known as a skid block that is fitted front-to-back down the middle of the underside of all cars to check that they are not being run too close to the track surface, something that is apparent if the wood is excessively worn.
The first place on the starting grid, as awarded to the driver who recorded the fastest lap time in qualifying. The term used to describe the entire system providing an F1 car's power.
The powertrain or power unit as it is sometimes known comprises of the engine, two Energy Recovery Systems ERS and an Energy Store.
The periods on Friday and on Saturday morning at a Grand Prix meeting when the drivers are out on the track working on the set-up of their cars in preparation for qualifying and the race.
Of the two tyre compounds nominated by the official tyre supplier for use at each Grand Prix, the prime is the compound that is in theory best suited to that particular circuit's characteristics.
Normally harder than the option tyre. An action lodged by a team when it considers that another team or competitor has transgressed the rules.
The knock-out session on Saturday in which the drivers compete to set the best time they can in order to determine the starting grid for the race.
Short for Research and Development, the term describes activities undertaken by a team to develop or improve a system or component. A lap completed when drivers leave the pits to assemble on the grid for the start.
If a driver decides to do several, they must divert through the pit lane as the grid will be crowded with team personnel. A bumpy, often saw-toothed strip of kerbing usually found on the exit of a corner to warn the driver of the edge of the track.
This is described in kilos and raised depending on the performances of each horse. Handicap reference This is the number of kilos in a handicap that one needs to add to the theoretical rating of all the runners to obtain the weight that each horse must carry.
Horse An entire aged five years old or upwards aside from the generic meaning. Jockey A professional rider with a licence to ride in races, in contrast to an amateur or gentleman rider.
Length The measurement used to determine the distance between horses at the winning post. One length corresponds to the length of a horse.
It is estimated that two pounds, the equivalent of 1kg, corresponds to one length at the finish. Maiden A horse, male or female, that has never won a race.
This can also mean a race for horses that have not yet won. Make a mistake To peck on landing or not clear a jump properly.
Meeting A number of race days held at a particular racecourse that are held over a certain period of time, often consecutively. Example: The August Meeting at Deauville.
In English, the word meeting would also mean a race meeting taking place on just one day. Miler A racehorse that performs at his best over distances from 1,m to 1,m.
Non-runner This is a horse that is down as a runner on the official programme, but following the decision of the trainer, or sometimes a vet, or even the starter see this word , it then does not take part in the race.
This could be for health reasons, or if it refuses to enter into the starting stalls… or because he has not arrived at the racecourse!
Objection If a jockey, trainer, or owner considers that their horse was interfered with during a race, they can make an objection in front of the Stewards, who will hold an Enquiry see this word.
They will then look into the race, watching it from many different angles and interview the parties involved before making their decision. They can also call an Enquiry independently if they think that they have seen an incident in a race that has interfered with race proceedings.
The Odds An indication of the potential winnings on a particular horse when it is bet on to win. A lot of gamblers bet on the favourites, and are therefore more numerous when the winnings are distributed.
This means that the odds will therefore be short small. Despite this, often the pay-out is talked about as the odds!
The bigger the odds, the bigger the uncertainty of your choice, however the winnings will be much greater! The AQPS breed generally runs over jumps.
Outsider A horse that is not considered one of the leading contenders in a race, in contrast to the favourite. Owner A person or an entity that has been licensed by France Galop to own a horse, or a share in one.
Pace The speed that a race is run at. Pacemaker A horse that is used run out in front in a race to ensure that there is a fast gallop, thereby helping a horse that is running in the same colours to potentially run a better race.
Paddock The place where the horses are shown to the public before the race and mounted by the jockeys.
This is also where the owners and trainers and their entourages meet to give a jockey their orders. Pari mutuel With a pari-mutuel, the betting operator collects all the bets and subsequently distributes them after the race to all the winners following a small takeout.
A horse carrying more weight than the conditions of the race require, usually because the jockey exceeds the stated limit.
A person empowered to transact business for a stable owner or jockey, or empowered to sell or buy horses for an owner or breeder.
When a horse extends itself to its maximum ability. Reductions in weights to be carried, allowed because of the conditions of the race or because an apprentice jockey is on a horse.
Also, a weight reduction that female horses are entitled to when racing against males, or that 3-year-olds receive against older horses.
A horse officially entered for a race, but not permitted to start unless the field is reduced by scratches below a specified number.
Grade or Group 1 races are the highest quality, with Grade 2 and Grade 3 races a slightly lower quality.
A type of race in which horses carry different weights depending on their overall rating, which is determined by the handicapper.
The obstacles jumped during a hurdle race. They are smaller than fences and therefore take less jumping. Sometimes referred to as flights.
Refers to anything that happens during a race, and could refer to in-running betting markets or in-running race comments. The length of a horse from its nose to the start of its tail, and a measurement used to describe the distances between horses at the finish line.
Known as jumps racing. One of two racing codes, the other being Flat. National Hunt racing is best known in Britain and Ireland.
They can help prevent the horse from getting its tongue over the bit which can obstruct its breathing. A race for horses who are in their first season in that code of racing.
Can have age specific conditions, particularly on the Flat. A close race finish, requiring the raceday judge to consult a photo before declaring the winner or a dead-heat.
A photo can also help determine the placings behind the winner. A horse who is keen during a race and wants to go faster than its jockey is allowing.
Often described as pulling for its head. A programme giving information about the races scheduled during a race meeting and the horses set to run in them.
A phrase frequently used by race commentators or in post-race comments referring to a horse who finished strongly during the closing stages.
To win the Flat Triple Crown in Britain, a horse must win either the 2, or 1, Guineas, either the Derby or the Oaks, and the St Leger. There is a staying chasers Triple Crown for jumps horses consisting of the Betfair Chase, the King George VI Chase and the Gold Cup.
A visor differs from blinkers as it has a small slit in the eye cups. Every horse in a race has to carry a certain amount of weight.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Early apex. Ideal Line. Late apex. Crash Media Group. March Retrieved 18 March USA Today.
May 21, Ultimate Hot Rod Dictionary: A-Bombs to Zoomies. MotorBooks International. Photos by John B. Popular Science. Times Mirror Magazines.